previousTotal Organic Carbon (TOC) Chloridesnext
Interrelationship between BOD, COD and TOC

Typical values for the ratio of BOD/COD for untreated municipal wastewater are in the range from 0.3 to 0.8 (see in table 3). If the BOD/COD ratio for untreated wastewater is 0.5 or greater, the waste is considered to be easily treatable by biological means. If the ratio is below about 0.3, either the waste may have some toxic components or acclimated microoorganisms may be required in its stabilization. The corresponding BOD/TOC ratio for untreated wastewater varies from 1.2 to 2.0. In using these ratios it important to remember that they will change significantly with the degree of treatment the waste has undergone, as reported in Table 3.

Type of wastewater




0.3 – 0.8

1.2 – 2.0

After primary settling

0.4 – 0.6

0.8 – 1.2

Final effluent

0.1 – 0.3

0.2 – 0.5

Table 3: Comparison of ratios of various parameters used to characterize wastewater

previousTotal Organic Carbon (TOC) Chloridesnext